current time and date
currency: Euro (EUR)
Official languages
Life expectancy
Literacy rate
National anthem
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Coat of arms
Portugal profile
Azores and Madeira Islands occupy strategic locations along western sea approaches to Strait of Gibraltar
Portugal history
Following its heyday as a global maritime power during the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal lost much of its wealth and status with the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake, occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence of its wealthiest colony of Brazil in 1822.

A 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy; for most of the next six decades, repressive governments ran the country.

In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms.

The following year, Portugal granted independence to all of its African colonies.

Portugal is a founding member of NATO and entered the EC (now the EU) in 1986.

In January 2011, Portugal assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2011-12 term.
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Conventional long form: Portuguese Republic

Conventional short form: Portugal

Local long form: Republica Portuguesa

Local short form: Portugal
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Portugal's capital city is Lisbon
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Portugal Constitution:

adopted 2 April 1976;

subsequently revised
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Portugal population growth rate: 0.181%
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Portugal highest point: Ponta do Pico (Pico or Pico Alto) on Ilha do Pico in the Azores 2,351 m
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Portugal lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
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About 17% of Portugal's land is arable.
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Tagus River (Tejo) is the Longest River in Portugal
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Portugal birth rate is 10 births/1,000 population
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Portugal infant mortality rate is 5 deaths/1,000 live births
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Portugal fertility rate is 1.51 children born/woman
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Portugal climate:

maritime temperate;

cool and rainy in north

warmer and drier in south
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Top 10 cities of Portugal with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Lisbon: 545,245
2. Sintra: 377,249
3. Vila Nova de Gaia: 302,092
4. Porto: 237,559
5. Loures: 205,577
6. Cascais: 205,117
7. Braga: 181,819
8. Amadora: 175,558
9. Matosinhos: 174,931
10. Almada: 173,298
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Portugal ethnic groups:

homogeneous Mediterranean stock;

citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000;

since 1990 East Europeans have entered Portugal
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Portugal Exports:

agricultural products

food products


oil products

chemical products

plastics and rubber



wood and cork

wood pulp and paper

textile materials



machinery and tools

base metals
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Portugal Imports:

agricultural products

chemical products

vehicles and other transport material

and optical and precision instruments

computer accessories and parts

semi-conductors and related devices

oil products

base metals

food products

textile materials
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unicameral Assembly of the Republic or Assembleia da Republica (230 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
18 districts (distritos, singular - distrito) and 2 autonomous regions* (regioes autonomas, singular - regiao autonoma); Aveiro, Acores (Azores)*, Beja, Braga, Braganca, Castelo Branco, Coimbra, Evora, Faro, Guarda, Leiria, Lisboa (Lisbon), Madeira*, Portalegre, Porto, Santarem, Setubal, Viana do Castelo, Vila Real, Viseu
Political parties and leaders:
Democratic and Social Center/Popular Party (CDS/PP) - Paulo PORTAS
Social Democratic Party (PSD) - Pedro PASSOS COELHO
Socialist Party (PS) - Jose SEGURO
The Left Bloc (BE) - Pedro Filipe SOARES
Unitarian Democratic Coalition (CDU) - Jeronimo DE SOUSA (includes Portuguese Communist Party (PCP) and Ecologist Party ("The Greens") (PEV))